Resources by Topic

Resources by Topic: Structural

Overview

Structural engineering for dams includes the application of conventional structural design and analysis for concrete arches, walls, slabs, columns, beams and so on, as well as the design and analysis of gravity structures such as the dam itself or gravity spillways, end sills, toe blocks, and buttresses. Since structural engineering is a traditional collegiate program of study, this guide focuses primarily upon the design, stabilization and repair of hydraulic mass concrete structures which are most often encountered by practitioners. Some consideration will also be given to the analysis and stabilization of arch, gravity arch, slab and buttress dams and their variants which represent a relatively small, but significant, percentage of concrete and masonry dams in the United States.

Proficiencies

To be proficient in this area one needs to understand and/or have experience in the following areas:

  • Fundamentals of RCC Design and Construction for Dams
  • Fundamentals of Conventional Concrete Design and Construction for Hydraulic Structures (AAR Evaluation for Concrete Structures, etc.)
  • Design and Rehabilitation of Outlet Works for Dams
  • Stability Analyses for dams and Appurtenant Structures (Concrete Gravity Dams; Ambursen Dams; Arch Dams, etc.)
  • Thermal Analysis for Mass Concrete Structures
  • Repair of Dam Appurtenances Including Concrete Structures, Conduits, Gates, Valves, etc.
  • Use of Post-Tensioned and Other Anchor Methods for Dams
  • Design and Analysis of Spillway Gates
  • Design and Evaluation of Towers, Outlets, Tunnels and Bridges

Classroom and Web-Based Training

ASDSO Technical Seminars
  • Fundamentals of Reinforced Concrete Design for Hydraulic Structures (basic)
  • Conduits, Valves & Gates (basic)

For additional training opportunities, search the ASDSO Training Directory.

Guidelines and Suggested References

Some of the most highly recommended resources in this area are listed below by category. For additional resources, search the ASDSO Bibliography. (Suggested search terms: outlet works, concrete, conduits, gates, anchors, stability)

RCC Design and Construction

Handbooks

  • K. D. Hansen and W. G. Reinhardt. Roller-compacted concrete dams (McGraw-Hill 1991)
  • R. E. Holderbaum, P. G. Schweiger and R. P. Bass. Guide for developing RCC specifications and commentary (Portland Cement Association. 2007)
  • Facing systems for RCC dams and spillways (Portland Cement Association and Gannett Fleming Inc. 2001)
  • Design manual for small RCC dams (Schnabel Engineering. 2003)
  • Frost durability of roller-compacted concrete pavements (Service d'Expertise en Materiaux Inc. 2004)
  • Roller-Compacted Concrete Quality Control Manual (URS Greiner Woodward Clyde and Portland Cement Association. 2000)
  • J. R. Obermeyer, D. L. Johnson and U.S. Society on Dams Committee on Construction and Rehabilitation. Subcommittee on RCC. RCC Construction for Dam Rehabilitation (2003)

Fundamentals of Conventional Concrete Design and Construction for Hydraulic Structures

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service

American Concrete Institute

  • ACI Committee 318. Building code requirements for reinforced concrete (ACI 318-83) (1983)
  • ACI Manual of Concrete Practice (2010)

AAR Evaluation for Concrete Structures

Federal Publications

Miscellaneous Publications

  • State-of-the-art Report on Alkali-Aggregate Reactivity (American Concrete Institute A. C. 221. 221.1R-98: 1998)
  • J. A. Farny and B. Kerkhoff. Diagnosis and Control of Alkali-Aggregate Reactions in Concrete (Portland Cement Association/American Concrete Pavement Association/National Ready Mixed Concrete Association. 2007)
  • V. Saouma and Y. P. Xi. Literature Review of Alkali Aggregate Reactions in Concrete Dams (University of Colorado, Boulder. 2004)
  • Centre de Recherche Interuniversitaire sur le Beton, Universite Laval and D. D. Curtis. Analysis and Structure Response to Recent Slot Cutting at Mactaquac Generating Station (2000). Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Alkali-Aggregate Reaction held in Quebec, Canada.
  • R. G. Charlwood. A Review of Alkali-Aggregate Reaction in Hydro Plants and Dams. International Journal on Hydropower and Dams (May 1994)

Design and Rehabilitation of Outlet Works

Federal Emergency Management Agency

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service

Stability Analyses for Dams and Appurtenant Structures

Federal Energy Regulatory Commission

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

U.S. Bureau of Reclamation

Thermal Analysis for Mass Concrete Structures

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

American Concrete Institute

  • Report on Thermal and Volume Change Effects on Cracking of Mass Concrete (2007)

American Society of Civil Engineers

  • S. Tatro and E. K. Schrader. Thermal Analysis for RCC- A Practical Approach, Roller-Compacted Concrete III (1992)

Repair of Dam Appurtenances Including Concrete Structures, Conduits, Gates, Valves, etc.

Federal Emergency Management Agency

Federal Energy Regulatory Commission

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

U.S. Bureau of Reclamation

U.S. Society on Dams

  • Improving Reliability of Spillway Gates (2002)

American Concrete Institute Guidelines

  • A. C. 201. 201.1R-08: Guide for Conducting a Visual Inspection of Concrete in Service (2008)
  • A. C. 224. 224.1R-07: Causes, Evaluation, and Repair of Cracks in Concrete Structures (2007)
  • A. C. 364. 364.1R-07: Guide for Evaluation of Concrete Structures Before Rehabilitation (2007)
  • A. C. 437. 437R-03: Strength Evaluation of Existing Concrete Buildings (2003)
  • A. C. 546. 546.2R-98: Guide to Underwater Repair of Concrete (1998)
  • A. C. 546. 546R-04: Concrete Repair Guide (2004)

Use of Post-tensioned and Other Anchor Methods for Dams

U.S. Department of Transportation

Post Tensioning Institute

  • Post-Tensioning Manual, 6th Edition (2006)
  • Recommendations for Prestressed Rock and Soil Anchors, 4th edition (PTI Committee for Prestressed Rock and Soil Anchors. 2005)

Design and Analysis of Spillway Gates

Federal Emergency Management Agency

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

U.S. Bureau of Reclamation

McGraw-Hill

  • V. J. Zipparro, H. Hasen and C. V. Davis. Davis' handbook of applied hydraulics, Chapter 17: Gates and Valves (1993)

U.S. Society on Dams

  • Improving Reliability of Spillway Gates (U.S. Society on Dams. 2002)

Research

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